Robert B. Mantell
Robert Bruce Mantell
7 February 1854
|Died||27 June 1928 (aged 74)|
|Other names||Robert Hudson|
|Spouse(s)||1) Marie Sheldon|
2) Charlotte Behrens
3) Marie Booth Russell (died 1911)
4) Genevieve Hamper
Robert Bruce Mantell (7 February 1854 – 27 June 1928) was a noted Shakespearean stage actor who made several silent films. His mother was Elizabeth Bruce Mantell who objected to her son becoming an actor so he used the name Robert Hudson early in his career.
Born in Scotland and raised in Dublin, he travelled to the United States in 1874, but stayed only two weeks with no theatrical success. He returned in 1878 in support of Helena Modjeska but did not stay. In 1883 he found success on Broadway supporting Fanny Davenport as her leading man in Fedora. For the remainder of his theatrical career he played Shakespeare and high class drama. He married several times, and often performed with his wives in Shakespearean productions. His last wife, Genevieve Hamper (1888–1971), was 35 years his junior.
He began acting in films in 1915, aged 61, working at Fox Studios with J. Gordon Edwards, who directed all of his films except the last. Under the Red Robe (1923) was directed by Alan Crosland and distributed through Goldwyn Pictures. As with most early Fox films, all of Mantell's films from that studio are lost. Elements of Under the Red Robe are held at George Eastman House in Rochester, New York.
Robert Bruce Mantell was born on 7 February 1854 in Irvine, Scotland, the third child of James Mantell and his wife Elizabeth née Bruce. His mother could reportedly trace her lineage to Robert the Bruce. He was born at the Wheatsheaf Inn, which his parents owned and operated.
When "Bobbie", as he was known, was five years old, his parents sold the Wheatsheaf and moved to Dublin to take over management of a larger public house, which they named the Eglington-Winton. He attended five different schools and was dismissed from each for disciplinary problems. It was not until he was enrolled at McClinton's Seminary that he finally obtained something of a formal education.
In Dublin, according to Mantell's biographer Clarence J. Bulliet, "there was a dramatic club, which young Bob Mantell, semi-clandestinely, because of parental objections, was one of the burning tapers". While his mother approved of such amateur stage productions, she had a "horror of the professional stage". When he resolved to pursue a career on the stage, his mother refused to assist him until he swore to change his name to Robert Hudson, and to go to America to ply his craft.
With this assurance given, his mother presented Robert with "the same little sum of money she had given his older brothers when they started out into the world". However, after a mere 10 days in Boston, with no job and no prospects, Robert was down to exactly enough money to purchase a return ticket. He bought a ticket on the Hecla and returned home to Ireland. His first theatrical job (still using the name Robert Hudson) was with a stock company at the Theatre Royal, in Rochdale, Lancashire, where, on 21 October 1876, he made his stage debut in Dion Boucicault's Arrah-Na-Pogue.
The company disbanded after one year, and Mantell joined the Heffernan company, performing abridged versions of Macbeth, Othello, Richard III and Hamlet that were "so hydraulically condensed that he could give ten or a dozen performances a day". He joined the company of Alice Marriott,[when?] and remained until 1878 when he set sail again for America. Using his real name for the first time, he won the part of Tybalt in the Leyland Opera House production of Romeo and Juliet. He kept a diary of his American tour:
- 3 Mar – Terre Haute, Indiana – Small place
- 4 Mar – Lafayette, Indiana – Small place
- 6 Mar – Springfield, Ohio – Small place.
His tour also took him to Baltimore ("Great place for oysters"), New Orleans ("Wouldn't live in it for anything"), Indianapolis ("Something like Belfast"), Louisville, Kentucky ("A very nice city"), New York (which he liked) and Washington, D.C. (which he did not). On 17 May 1878, he sailed for England.
There he joined George S. Knight's company, portraying Iago in Shakespeare's Othello opposite Frank Clement, who played the title character. In Knight's company he played several roles in Shakespeare's Romeo and Juliet, Hamlet, and Macbeth. In 1883 he again headed to America. His first leading role in America was as Sir Clement Huntingford in The World. He attained critical and popular acclaim in the role of Loris Ipanoff in Fanny Davenport's 1883–84 production of Fedora. After that, leading roles came quickly and steadily.
He starred in John Keller's Tangled Lives in 1886, starred in The Marble Heart in 1887, and in Monbars in 1887–88. By 1890, "Mantell believed himself strong enough to venture on a tour on his own account, after the fashion of the English actor-managers and pocket all the profits". In 1892, he opened at New York's Proctors Theatre in Charles Osborne's The Face in the Moonlight, with Caroline Miskel, a young actress who was just at the beginning of her brief career on Broadway.
In the last 5 years of the 19th century he toured extensively, putting on performances of Monbars, Othello, Hamlet and The Corsican Brothers in town after town, state after state—everywhere but New York. When the lawyers finally resolved his alimony difficulties, Mantell – now significantly older – returned to New York, but not as a romantic lead, as he had been known for so many years, but as a classic tragedian. One of his first leading roles after his return to New York was as Richard III, where he demonstrated that "the line of great tragedians on the American stage had not ended with Edwin Booth". Work came easily after that. At one point, he was starring in Richard III one week, Richelieu the second week, Othello the third week, and Hamlet the fourth week in rotation.
Mantell played Cawdor in Macbeth many times over, but King Lear was by far his "masterwork". He played the role over and over, refining and perfecting it from the 1910s almost until his death in 1928.
- Select Scenes from Monbars (1896 short film)
- The Blindness of Devotion (1915)
- The Green-Eyed Monster (1916)
- A Wife's Sacrifice (1916)
- Tangled Lives (1917)
- Under the Red Robe (1923)
Mantell was known for having had several marriages, and often performed with his wives in Shakespearean productions. He married Marie Sheldon, who bore him two sons, Robert Shand and Jack Mantell, but the couple soon divorced. Alimony demands and arrest warrants for nonsupport kept Mantell out of New York for years. He subsequently married Charlotte Behrens who bore him a daughter, Ethel Mantell, in 1895. His third wife was Marie Booth Russell who had a child from a previous relationship and who died in 1911. His last wife, Genevieve Hamper (1888–1971), was 35 years his junior, and bore him a son, Robert Bruce Mantell Jr. (1912–1933). He was close friends with professional wrestler, Alfred "Dutch" Mantell who took on Robert's last name as his real life last name was too difficult to pronounce.
- Charlotte Behrens Mantell profile, findagrave.com. Retrieved 25 June 2015.
- Charlotte Behrens profile, AuthorsDen.com. Retrieved 25 June 2015.
- Marie Booth Russell Mantell profile; findagrave.com. Retrieved 23 June 2016.
- Great Stars of the American Stage by Daniel Blum c.1952 Profile #4
- Robert B. Mantell profile, North American Theatre Online]. Retrieved 9 September 2016.
- Bulliet, pp. 12, 20–21.
- Bulliet, p. 23.
- Bulliet, pp. 27–30.
- Bulliet, pp. 13–14, 25.
- Bulliet, p. 57.
- Bulliet, p. 58.
- Bulliet, p. 60.
- Bulliet, p. 63.
- Bulliet, pp. 64, 66.
- Bulliet, pp. 80–82.
- Bulliet, p. 84.
- Bulliet, p. 98.
- Bulliet, pp. 101–05.
- Bulliet, p. 133.
- The New York Times, 24 July 1892.
- Bulliet, pp. 167–69.
- Bulliet pp. 169, 188.
- Bulliet, p. 191.
- Bulliet, p. 140.
- portraits of Charlotte Behrens(NYPublic Library)
- Bulliet, p. 141.
- The Theatre, volumes 21-22 "New Faces Old Names"
- Bulliet, Clarence Joseph (1918). Robert Mantell's Romance. Boston: John W. Luce & Co.
Bulliet Robert Mantell’s Romance.